¿Libertades a cambio de seguridad?

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Jesus Cea Avion

Resumen

Desde hace años existe un debate en EE.UU. sobre el uso privado de la criptografía para asegurar la confidencialidad de las comunicaciones entre particulares. El argumento de los que están en contra es que si una comunicación está cifrada, las fuerzas del orden no pueden espiarlas para detectar actividades criminales. Proponen o bien prohibir la criptografía por ley, o dotar a los programas criptográficos de Puertas Traseras.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jesus Cea Avion, HispaSec

Ingeniero Técnico Superior de Telecomunicaciones. Director Técnico e I+D en HispaSec, empresa especializada en seguridad informática, consultoría, auditoría y desarrollo. Interesado tanto en los aspectos criptográficos como en las implicaciones sociales y legales del uso de tecnología criptográfica. Miembro de Fronteras Electrónicas España www.arnal.es/free. Más información sobre criptología en la página www.jcea.es/cripto.htm y artículos en www.jcea.es/artic.

Citas

http://www.hispasec.com/unaaldiacom.asp?id=1080

Red Rock Eater News Service
http://dlis.gseis.ucla.edu/people/pagre/rre.html

House Bill Would Expand Federal Detention Powers
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A55410-2001Oct1.html

Defining Terrorism Stirs Words of Dispute
http://www.latimes.com/templates/misc/printstory.jsp?slug=la%2D100101legal

Statement on Terrorism, Civil Liberties, and the Internet
http://www.pfir.org/statements/liberties

Don't Blame the Internet
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A43828-2001Sep29.html

analysis of the anti-hacking provisions of the proposed anti-terrorism act
http://www.politechbot.com/p-02597.html

British ID Cards Backlash Begins
http://www.guardian.co.uk/humanrights/story/0,7369,561043,00.html

"Amazing" Lapse in Security Cited at Logan
http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/274/metro/_Amazing_lapse_in_security_cited_at_Logan+.shtml

Will Other Voices Be Heard?
http://chicagotribune.com/features/lifestyle/chi-0110010037oct01.story

the very dangerous attacks on Bill Maher
http://www.dailyhowler.com/h100101_1.shtml

Censorship and the War on Terrorism
http://www.mediachannel.org/views/interviews/macarthur.shtml

We Must Dismantle Our Democracy in Order to Save It
http://www.salon.com/comics/tomo/2001/10/01/tomo/

Muslim Leaders Struggle With Mixed Messages
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A55677-2001Oct1.html

the followers of John Adams are bringing back the Alien and Sedition Acts
http://www.salon.com/politics/feature/2001/10/03/ashcroft/print.html

conservative dupes learn what they really voted for
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/03/national/03WEST.html

Anti-Terrorism Bill Hits Snag on the Hill
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A61023-2001Oct2.html

Florida Task Force's Recommendation: Give State Police Added Power
http://www.gopbi.com/partners/pbpost/epaper/editions/tuesday/news_4.html

USACM letter regarding encryption controls
http://www.acm.org/usacm/crypto/gregg-crypto-letter.html

pro-Carnivore column employing several jargon techniques
http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20011001_hodes.html

Net Freedom Fears "Hurt Terror Fight"
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/uk_politics/newsid_1568000/1568254.stm

Detecting Steganographic Content on the Internet
http://www.citi.umich.edu/techreports/reports/citi-tr-01-11.pdf

Bill Introduced to Encourage Public-Private Information Sharing
http://www.gcn.com/vol1_no1/daily-updates/17197-1.html

documents relevant to Homeland Defense
http://stinet.dtic.mil/dticrev/vol5-number4.html

radio story and background article about new high-tech spy planes (when they fly over Afghanistan, it's a
war story; here, it's civil liberties)
http://www.npr.org/ramfiles/me/20011002.me.10.ram

http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/global_hawk.htm

Challenges for the Supreme Court in the Wake of Terrorism
http://writ.news.findlaw.com/lazarus/20011002.html

House Panel Approves Bill Expanding Surveillance
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/04/national/04RIGH.html

the anti-terrorism bill
http://www.house.gov/judiciary/hr2975terrorismbill.pdf

analysis of the bill
http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/20011001_house_patriot_analysis.html

http://www.epic.org/privacy/terrorism/cong_ltr_10_02_01.html

argument against racial profiling in the investigation
http://www.law.com/cgi-bin/nwlink.cgi?ACG=ZZZWEVL1BSC

Senator Feinstein Urges Major Changes in US Student Visa Program
http://www.senate.gov/~feinstein/releases01/stvisas1.htm

Democracy in Wartime
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/03/opinion/03SCHL.html

Can the New York Times Count -- or Quote -- Peace Activists?
http://www.fair.org/activism/nyt-peace-activists.html

A Battle-Ready Net?
http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/oct2001/tc2001101_7845.htm

What Went Wrong (with the CIA)
http://newyorker.com/FACT/

Unscreened Ground Crews Add to Flying Jitters
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-000078980oct03.column

White House, Senate Reach Agreement on Anti-Terrorism Bill
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079336oct04.story

Terror Laws Near Votes in House and Senate
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/05/national/05RIGH.html?pagewanted=print

Ashcroft Pushes Stronger Antiterrorism Bill
http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/10/04/inv.ashcroft.terrorism/

Toward a Balanced Terrorism Bill
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/04/opinion/04THU3.html

Proposed Legislation Significantly Affecting the Computer Profession
http://www.usenix.org/whatsnew/legislation.html

Consortium Responds to More Restrictive Access to Visas by Non-Immigrants
http://www.uciep.org/press1.htm

Report Warns of Rights Abuse Risk
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079340oct04.story

Viisage Selected to Deploy the First Face-Recognition System in a US Airport
http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/011004/42302_1.html

Nixed "Holy War" Web Site Offered PGP Encryption Key
http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/170828.html

Massive Search Reveals No Secret Code in Web Images
http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991340

Twenty Most Critical Internet Security Vulnerabilities
http://66.129.1.101/top20.htm

Securing the Lines of a Wired Nation
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/04/technology/circuits/04SECU.

Immigrants' Driver's License Bill a Victim of Terrible Timing
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-000079422oct04.column

Muslim Leaders Condemn Thatcher Attack
http://www.guardian.co.uk/wtccrash/story/0,1300,563247,00.html

"in America, history shows, war does not override the calculus of politics"
http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/polipro/pp2001-10-03.htm

Bill to Boost Defendants' Rights in Italy Hinders Terrorism War (Berlusconi and his cronies are changing
criminal law to protect themselves)
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079343oct04.story

Senate Favors Federal Airport Screeners
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079338oct04.story

Three Political Websites Downed After Government "Homeland Security" Threat
http://slash.autonomedia.org/article.pl?sid=01/09/30/1859212

Activists and Companies Confront Face Recognition Software
http://www.notbored.org/ciberpais2.html

Carnivore Substitute Keeps Feds Honest
http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/6/21992.html

New FTC Head Wants "Pause" in Push for Privacy Laws
http://www.computerworld.com/storyba/0,4125,NAV47_STO64453,00.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/03/technology/03PRIV.html

Zero-Knowledge Shelves Anonymity Tool (that sort of thing probably can't work unless it is built in)
http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-200-7412015.html

Seeking Sunlight for a Prisoner in the Chinese Gulag
http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-000078572oct01.story

argument for a sunset clause in the anti-terrorism bill
http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/nj/taylor2001-10-02.htm

Do New Anti-Terrorism Proposals Pass Constitutional Muster?
http://www.law.com/cgi-bin/nwlink.cgi?ACG=ZZZKRW2IGSC

argument against Bush's proposals to restrict civil liberties
http://prospect.org/print/V12/18/cole-d.html

The Terrorism Bill Does Too Much and Not Enough
http://www.tnr.com/101501/rosen101501.html

Leahy on "Protecting Constitutional Freedoms in the Face of Terrorism"
http://www.senate.gov/~leahy/press/200110/100301.html

text of the Senate's anti-terrorism bill
http://www.senate.gov/~leahy/press/200110/USA.pdf
http://www.senate.gov/~leahy/press/200110/100401a.html

Indefinite Detention Based Upon Suspicion Under the New Anti-Terrorism Act
http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20011005_ramasastry.html

Surveillance Warrants Keep Secret Court Busy
http://www.usatoday.com/usatonline/20011004/3508205s.htm

concerns about efforts to revise government controls on strong encryption
http://www.acm.org/usacm/crypto/crypto-controls-memo.html

overly-broad definition of "terrorism" in the Administration's proposal
http://www.acm.org/usacm/terrorist-memo.html

ACLU Calls New Senate Terrorism Bill Significantly Worse
http://www.aclu.org/safeandfree/

"Sunset Clause" Could Trip Up Anti-Terror Bill
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079529oct05.story

Judge Strikes Down Parts of 1996 Terrorism Law
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079527oct05.story

Paul Wolfowitz wants to replace Posse Comitatus (add up their proposals and you're well on the way to martial law)
http://www.newsday.com/news/nationworld/nation/wire/sns-ap-attacks-defense-strategy1004oct04.story

Britain as a Cautionary Tale for a New Age of Surveillance

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/07/magazine/07SURVEILLANCE.html?pagewanted=all

Florida's Continued Alert Status Criticized
http://www.miami.com/herald/content/news/local/dade/digdocs/112393.htm

recommendations to help secure computing infrastructure against attacks
http://www.acm.org/usacm/crypto/comp-sec-memo.html

hard-to-evaluate claim that the hijackers used steganography
http://abcnews.go.com/sections/primetime/DailyNews/PRIMETIME_011004_steganography.html

The Supreme Court Returns to a Changed Legal Landscape
http://writ.news.findlaw.com/dorf/20011003.html

Censorship After 9/11: The Bill Maher "Coward" Comment
http://www.holtuncensored.com/members/column269.html

FBI testimony to the Senate about terrorist groups
http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress01/freeh051001.htm

Senator Rethinks Stance on Students
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079922oct06.story

FAA, Airlines Stalled Major Security Plans
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-100601air.story

Watchdog Sites Shut Down in Interest of National Security
http://newsfactor.com/perl/story/13990.html

Security Breaches Vary Widely at US Airports
http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/10/05/inv.airport.security/

Tighter Airport Security Is Just a Flight of Fancy
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-000079574oct05.column

criticism of UK's anti-terrorism legislation
http://www.magnacartaplus.org/bills/terrorism/index.htm

House Votes for More Spy Aid and to Pull in Reins on Inquiry
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/06/national/06INTE.html

conservative support for the extreme provisions of the anti-terrorism bill
http://www.opinionjournal.com/extra/?id=95001279

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/suncommentary/la-000080099oct07.story

A High-Tech Home Front (including criticism of face recognition systems) (may not work under Netscape, or Explorer either for that matter)
http://www.msnbc.com/news/635417.asp

National ID Cards: One Size Fits All
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/07/weekinreview/07WAKI.html

New Slogan in Washington: Watch What You Say ("a suspension of freedom unlike anything since World War II")
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/07/national/07PRES.html

Demonizing Dissent
http://www.workingforchange.com/article.cfm?ItemID=12064

Now We Really Need Rights
http://www.observer.co.uk/comment/story/0,6903,564633,00.html