Artículo

¿Libertades a cambio de seguridad?

Jesus Cea Avion

Resumen


Desde hace años existe un debate en EE.UU. sobre el uso privado de la criptografía para asegurar la confidencialidad de las comunicaciones entre particulares. El argumento de los que están en contra es que si una comunicación está cifrada, las fuerzas del orden no pueden espiarlas para detectar actividades criminales. Proponen o bien prohibir la criptografía por ley, o dotar a los programas criptográficos de Puertas Traseras.


Palabras clave


Libertades; Seguridad; Criptografía; Atentados

Texto completo:

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Referencias


http://www.hispasec.com/unaaldiacom.asp?id=1080

Red Rock Eater News Service

http://dlis.gseis.ucla.edu/people/pagre/rre.html

House Bill Would Expand Federal Detention Powers

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A55410-2001Oct1.html

Defining Terrorism Stirs Words of Dispute

http://www.latimes.com/templates/misc/printstory.jsp?slug=la%2D100101legal

Statement on Terrorism, Civil Liberties, and the Internet

http://www.pfir.org/statements/liberties

Don't Blame the Internet

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A43828-2001Sep29.html

analysis of the anti-hacking provisions of the proposed anti-terrorism act

http://www.politechbot.com/p-02597.html

British ID Cards Backlash Begins

http://www.guardian.co.uk/humanrights/story/0,7369,561043,00.html

"Amazing" Lapse in Security Cited at Logan

http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/274/metro/_Amazing_lapse_in_security_cited_at_Logan+.shtml

Will Other Voices Be Heard?

http://chicagotribune.com/features/lifestyle/chi-0110010037oct01.story

the very dangerous attacks on Bill Maher

http://www.dailyhowler.com/h100101_1.shtml

Censorship and the War on Terrorism

http://www.mediachannel.org/views/interviews/macarthur.shtml

We Must Dismantle Our Democracy in Order to Save It

http://www.salon.com/comics/tomo/2001/10/01/tomo/

Muslim Leaders Struggle With Mixed Messages

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A55677-2001Oct1.html

the followers of John Adams are bringing back the Alien and Sedition Acts

http://www.salon.com/politics/feature/2001/10/03/ashcroft/print.html

conservative dupes learn what they really voted for

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/03/national/03WEST.html

Anti-Terrorism Bill Hits Snag on the Hill

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A61023-2001Oct2.html

Florida Task Force's Recommendation: Give State Police Added Power

http://www.gopbi.com/partners/pbpost/epaper/editions/tuesday/news_4.html

USACM letter regarding encryption controls

http://www.acm.org/usacm/crypto/gregg-crypto-letter.html

pro-Carnivore column employing several jargon techniques

http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20011001_hodes.html

Net Freedom Fears "Hurt Terror Fight"

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/uk_politics/newsid_1568000/1568254.stm

Detecting Steganographic Content on the Internet

http://www.citi.umich.edu/techreports/reports/citi-tr-01-11.pdf

Bill Introduced to Encourage Public-Private Information Sharing

http://www.gcn.com/vol1_no1/daily-updates/17197-1.html

documents relevant to Homeland Defense

http://stinet.dtic.mil/dticrev/vol5-number4.html

radio story and background article about new high-tech spy planes (when they fly over Afghanistan, it's a

war story; here, it's civil liberties)

http://www.npr.org/ramfiles/me/20011002.me.10.ram

http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/global_hawk.htm

Challenges for the Supreme Court in the Wake of Terrorism

http://writ.news.findlaw.com/lazarus/20011002.html

House Panel Approves Bill Expanding Surveillance

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/04/national/04RIGH.html

the anti-terrorism bill

http://www.house.gov/judiciary/hr2975terrorismbill.pdf

analysis of the bill

http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/20011001_house_patriot_analysis.html

http://www.epic.org/privacy/terrorism/cong_ltr_10_02_01.html

argument against racial profiling in the investigation

http://www.law.com/cgi-bin/nwlink.cgi?ACG=ZZZWEVL1BSC

Senator Feinstein Urges Major Changes in US Student Visa Program

http://www.senate.gov/~feinstein/releases01/stvisas1.htm

Democracy in Wartime

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/03/opinion/03SCHL.html

Can the New York Times Count -- or Quote -- Peace Activists?

http://www.fair.org/activism/nyt-peace-activists.html

A Battle-Ready Net?

http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/oct2001/tc2001101_7845.htm

What Went Wrong (with the CIA)

http://newyorker.com/FACT/

Unscreened Ground Crews Add to Flying Jitters

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-000078980oct03.column

White House, Senate Reach Agreement on Anti-Terrorism Bill

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079336oct04.story

Terror Laws Near Votes in House and Senate

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/05/national/05RIGH.html?pagewanted=print

Ashcroft Pushes Stronger Antiterrorism Bill

http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/10/04/inv.ashcroft.terrorism/

Toward a Balanced Terrorism Bill

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/04/opinion/04THU3.html

Proposed Legislation Significantly Affecting the Computer Profession

http://www.usenix.org/whatsnew/legislation.html

Consortium Responds to More Restrictive Access to Visas by Non-Immigrants

http://www.uciep.org/press1.htm

Report Warns of Rights Abuse Risk

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079340oct04.story

Viisage Selected to Deploy the First Face-Recognition System in a US Airport

http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/011004/42302_1.html

Nixed "Holy War" Web Site Offered PGP Encryption Key

http://www.newsbytes.com/news/01/170828.html

Massive Search Reveals No Secret Code in Web Images

http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991340

Twenty Most Critical Internet Security Vulnerabilities

http://66.129.1.101/top20.htm

Securing the Lines of a Wired Nation

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/04/technology/circuits/04SECU.

Immigrants' Driver's License Bill a Victim of Terrible Timing

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-000079422oct04.column

Muslim Leaders Condemn Thatcher Attack

http://www.guardian.co.uk/wtccrash/story/0,1300,563247,00.html

"in America, history shows, war does not override the calculus of politics"

http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/polipro/pp2001-10-03.htm

Bill to Boost Defendants' Rights in Italy Hinders Terrorism War (Berlusconi and his cronies are changing

criminal law to protect themselves)

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079343oct04.story

Senate Favors Federal Airport Screeners

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079338oct04.story

Three Political Websites Downed After Government "Homeland Security" Threat

http://slash.autonomedia.org/article.pl?sid=01/09/30/1859212

Activists and Companies Confront Face Recognition Software

http://www.notbored.org/ciberpais2.html

Carnivore Substitute Keeps Feds Honest

http://www.theregister.co.uk/content/6/21992.html

New FTC Head Wants "Pause" in Push for Privacy Laws

http://www.computerworld.com/storyba/0,4125,NAV47_STO64453,00.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/03/technology/03PRIV.html

Zero-Knowledge Shelves Anonymity Tool (that sort of thing probably can't work unless it is built in)

http://news.cnet.com/news/0-1005-200-7412015.html

Seeking Sunlight for a Prisoner in the Chinese Gulag

http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-000078572oct01.story

argument for a sunset clause in the anti-terrorism bill

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/nj/taylor2001-10-02.htm

Do New Anti-Terrorism Proposals Pass Constitutional Muster?

http://www.law.com/cgi-bin/nwlink.cgi?ACG=ZZZKRW2IGSC

argument against Bush's proposals to restrict civil liberties

http://prospect.org/print/V12/18/cole-d.html

The Terrorism Bill Does Too Much and Not Enough

http://www.tnr.com/101501/rosen101501.html

Leahy on "Protecting Constitutional Freedoms in the Face of Terrorism"

http://www.senate.gov/~leahy/press/200110/100301.html

text of the Senate's anti-terrorism bill

http://www.senate.gov/~leahy/press/200110/USA.pdf

http://www.senate.gov/~leahy/press/200110/100401a.html

Indefinite Detention Based Upon Suspicion Under the New Anti-Terrorism Act

http://writ.news.findlaw.com/commentary/20011005_ramasastry.html

Surveillance Warrants Keep Secret Court Busy

http://www.usatoday.com/usatonline/20011004/3508205s.htm

concerns about efforts to revise government controls on strong encryption

http://www.acm.org/usacm/crypto/crypto-controls-memo.html

overly-broad definition of "terrorism" in the Administration's proposal

http://www.acm.org/usacm/terrorist-memo.html

ACLU Calls New Senate Terrorism Bill Significantly Worse

http://www.aclu.org/safeandfree/

"Sunset Clause" Could Trip Up Anti-Terror Bill

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079529oct05.story

Judge Strikes Down Parts of 1996 Terrorism Law

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079527oct05.story

Paul Wolfowitz wants to replace Posse Comitatus (add up their proposals and you're well on the way to martial law)

http://www.newsday.com/news/nationworld/nation/wire/sns-ap-attacks-defense-strategy1004oct04.story

Britain as a Cautionary Tale for a New Age of Surveillance

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/07/magazine/07SURVEILLANCE.html?pagewanted=all

Florida's Continued Alert Status Criticized

http://www.miami.com/herald/content/news/local/dade/digdocs/112393.htm

recommendations to help secure computing infrastructure against attacks

http://www.acm.org/usacm/crypto/comp-sec-memo.html

hard-to-evaluate claim that the hijackers used steganography

http://abcnews.go.com/sections/primetime/DailyNews/PRIMETIME_011004_steganography.html

The Supreme Court Returns to a Changed Legal Landscape

http://writ.news.findlaw.com/dorf/20011003.html

Censorship After 9/11: The Bill Maher "Coward" Comment

http://www.holtuncensored.com/members/column269.html

FBI testimony to the Senate about terrorist groups

http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress01/freeh051001.htm

Senator Rethinks Stance on Students

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/asection/la-000079922oct06.story

FAA, Airlines Stalled Major Security Plans

http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-100601air.story

Watchdog Sites Shut Down in Interest of National Security

http://newsfactor.com/perl/story/13990.html

Security Breaches Vary Widely at US Airports

http://www.cnn.com/2001/US/10/05/inv.airport.security/

Tighter Airport Security Is Just a Flight of Fancy

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-000079574oct05.column

criticism of UK's anti-terrorism legislation

http://www.magnacartaplus.org/bills/terrorism/index.htm

House Votes for More Spy Aid and to Pull in Reins on Inquiry

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/06/national/06INTE.html

conservative support for the extreme provisions of the anti-terrorism bill

http://www.opinionjournal.com/extra/?id=95001279

http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/suncommentary/la-000080099oct07.story

A High-Tech Home Front (including criticism of face recognition systems) (may not work under Netscape, or Explorer either for that matter)

http://www.msnbc.com/news/635417.asp

National ID Cards: One Size Fits All

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/07/weekinreview/07WAKI.html

New Slogan in Washington: Watch What You Say ("a suspension of freedom unlike anything since World War II")

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/07/national/07PRES.html

Demonizing Dissent

http://www.workingforchange.com/article.cfm?ItemID=12064

Now We Really Need Rights

http://www.observer.co.uk/comment/story/0,6903,564633,00.html




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15178/va.2001.29.1-14

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